Sheikh Mukhtar Mohamed Hussein (1912-2012). Presidente (speaker) of the Assemblea Nazionale (AN) the National Assembly from 1967 to 1960.

He was born in Eddoy Beerrey near Baidoa in the Hadame clan in which he was later the Malak (chief). He was educated in Harar, Ethiopia, then the education center of the Horn of Africa.

In the late 1940s, he becomes sheikh-malak of his clan. During the British Military administration (BMA) in Somalia (1941-1950) he was the general secretary of the Somali Youth League branch in Huddur.

In 1952, he was appointed to the Consiglio Territoriale (the Territorial Council), the first Somali national political experience, and in 1956 he became a qadi administering Islamic law, and also was elected to the Assemblea Legislativa (the Legislative Assembly) where he became the undersecretary of justice in the first Somali cabinet formed by the first Prime Minister Abdullahi Issa Mohamud.

He was elected vice president of the Assemlea Nazionale in 1960 and served until 1967 when he was elected president (speaker) of the body.

After the assassination of President Abdirashid Ali Shermarke on October 15 1969, Sheikh Mukhtar became the constitutional interim president of the Somali Republic. When the military took over power on October 21 1969, Sheikh Mukhtar was put under house arrest.

In the late 1980s, he was released and immediately became politically active, signing the Manifesto Declaration. After the collapse of Siad Barre’s military regime in 1991, he was a notable mediator in reconciliation efforts, especially in the Inter-Riverine region.

He was a significant figure at the first Djibouti Conference of June-July 1991, because technically he was still president of the republic. He remained an active peacemaker.

Unlike the Somali sheikhs, he did not belong to any tariqa (order) but was a Sunni Muslim. He used to speak Arabic language in his address to the parliament, because his mother tongue Af-Maay was not recognized as a national language.


U dhaaf Halcelis

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Beddel )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Beddel )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Beddel )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Beddel )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: